KEOLADEO NATIONAL PARK
1956 as a bird sanctuary, 1981 as a national park
About Keoladeo National Park
The Keoladeo Ghana National Park or Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary lies between two of India's most historic cities, Agra and Jaipur. This north Indian sanctuary is situated in the
country's northwestern state of Rajasthan, about 190 km from the national capital of Delhi.
The name Keoladeois derived from the name of an ancient Hindu temple devoted to Lord Shiva in the sanctuary. s central zone while the Hindi term 'Ghana' implies dense, thick
areas of forest cover.
History (Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary)
Prince Bhamji of Morvi state in Gujarat converted this area into a world famous wildlife reserve. Duck shoots were organised in the area every year by the rulers of Bharatpur, in
honour of Viceroy Lord Curzon and his party on 1st December, 1902. The exploits of all visiting dignitaries since 1902 have been engraved on stone plaques standing near the
Largest number of birds (4273) were killed on 12th November, 1938, by Lord Linlithgow, Viceroy & Governor General of India and his party. After independence, this reserve was
notified as a bird sanctuary but the former rulers of Bharatpur continued to enjoy their shooting rights over the area till 1972. The area was notified as a National Park in 1981 but
made effective only in Novemeber,1982. Conservation efforts originally started by Dr. Salim Ali received a further impetus when the area was deemed a national park in March 1982. In 1985, Bharatpur was accepted as a
World Heritage Site.
Wildlife in Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
Keoladeo Ghana National Park or Bharatpur bird sanctuary hosts a variety of bird species(Siberian crane etc) from across the globe. Close to 380 species of birds are found in this 29
sq km stretch, approximately 10 sq km of which comprises of marshes and bogs. Rest of the area comprises of scrublands, grasslands and more than 44,000 trees that are used for
nesting by birds each year. This rather intriguing blend of marshes, woodland and flora found here represents and, at the same time, substantiates the density and diversity of the
regions forest cover.
Climate (Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary)
During summers (April. June), the temperature of the national park varies from 38°C to 45°C. In The Month of monsoon the temperature to about 27°C. In Winter season the
temperature of the park falls below 10°C.
Reaching There (Keoladeo National Park)
Bharatpur is on the Agra. Jaipur highway, just a two-hour journey by bus from Agra (55 km) and an hour from Fatehpur Sikri. The nearest rail junction is Bharatpur, which is well
connected to Delhi, Bombay, Ahmedabad, Jaipur and many other parts of India.
Best Season (Keoladeo National Park)
The park is open throughout the year. Best months are August-November for resident breeding birds and November-March for migrant birds.
Tips to The Visitor:
Light cotton clothing for summers and woolens for the winters would be suitable. Vehicles are prohibited within park confines.
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